Not only are men very susceptible to coronavirus disease compared to women, male Covid-19 patients in the hospital also have a 30 percent higher risk of death than women of the same age and health, according to a study. The study is published in the Clinical Infectious Diseases.
Hospital patients who were obese, had high blood pressure, or had poorly treated diabetes also had a higher risk of death than those who didn’t have these conditions, according to the study.
Those 20 to 39 year olds with these conditions had the biggest difference in risk of death compared to their healthier peers.
For the study, researchers evaluated nearly 67,000 Covid-19 patients in 613 hospitals in the United States to determine the association between certain common patient characteristics and the risk of dying from Covid-19.
“Predicting which Covid-19 hospitalized patients have the highest risk of death has become an urgent concern as the number of cases and hospitalizations in the US continues to rise and record high numbers in December,” the study said was written by Anthony Harris, among others. Professor at the University of Maryland Medical School (UMSOM) in the United States.
“Knowledge is power in many ways, so I think understanding which Covid-19 patients in the hospital are at the highest risk of mortality can help make difficult treatment decisions.” Said Harris.
For example, patients at higher risk may be considered for closer monitoring or admission to the intensive care unit. Healthcare providers may also want to consider these risks when determining which Covid-19 patients can benefit most from the new monoclonal antibody therapies, which, when administered in the first few days of infection, can reduce the risk of hospitalization.
Age remained the strongest predictor of mortality from Covid-19. Overall, nearly 19 percent of hospitalized Covid-19 patients died from their infection, with the lowest mortality rate among pediatric patients being less than 2 percent. The death rate increased with each decade of life, with the highest mortality rate of 34 percent among those over 80.
“Elderly patients are still at the highest risk of death, but younger patients with obesity or high blood pressure have the highest risk of death compared to other patients their age without these conditions,” said study leader Katherine Goodman, a postdoctoral fellow at UMSOM.
“Doctors may want to pay extra attention to these younger patients in the hospital to make sure they spot complications quickly,” the study said.
The researchers also found some good news in their study results. Hospital death rates have fallen dramatically since the first few weeks of the pandemic in April.
This is likely due to the availability of new treatments and greater knowledge in the medical community about the proper management and care of hospital patients.