December 16, 2020, 1:41:05 am
The central government underscored the potential challenges of serious side effects that could be caused by Covid-19 vaccines during the largest adult vaccination campaign expected next year, and announced Tuesday that it has directed all states to admit at least one health center at each block level identify would be associated with the vaccination center for treatment of such adverse events.
During the weekly briefing on the pandemic, Union Health Minister Rajesh Bhushan reiterated that the vaccination schedule will not be affected in the light of the Medicines Agency which is currently reviewing the applications of the three vaccine manufacturers who have requested authorization for the emergency use of their vaccines becomes.
“The technical expert committee examined the three applications and asked for additional data. On the basis of the additional data, the regulator takes a call (when issuing the emergency use permit). We do not believe that this process of regulatory review of applications will affect the timing of vaccination. ” he said.
He said the UK, the first country to start vaccination, reported adverse events on its own on day one and that “it is very important that state governments are well prepared for this aspect”.
“Post-Immunization Adverse Events (AEFI) are a critical issue. There is a possibility that adverse events will be reported during the Covid-19 vaccination campaign. The center has given detailed instructions on infection prevention and control during vaccination. States were instructed to identify at least one AEFI administrative center in each block. This center can be a primary health center, a community health center, a district hospital, or a private health facility. Each meeting location is assigned a specific AEFI administrative center, ”said Bhushan.
Dr. VK Paul, member of NITI Aayog, emphasized that the additional adverse event reporting mechanism will be implemented, taking into account the unique challenge of vaccinating a large adult population, most of whom will be associated with comorbidities.
“First, this is an adult vaccine. Our AEFI system was developed for children and women. These vaccinations (as part of the universal immunization program) take place in a specific way. If you want to deal with adults, there are practical aspects to consider. Second, we should remember that these vaccines are available on new platforms. Third, multiple vaccines are used. This brings with it complexity. Emergency approval for vaccines also leads to even more responsible behavior, ”said Paul.
“When we choose a new vaccine, there are new aspects, new side effects and new situations that need to be considered. Some vaccines can cause allergic reactions. Another can cause a high fever. So the side effects are always nuanced – and that has to be taken into account with the new vaccines, ”he said. “Especially this time, a very large number of target groups will be vaccinated in a short time. Therefore, the AEFI standard principles must be built on and these must be specifically tailored to the broader dimension of the requirements of Covid-19 vaccines. “
Health Minister Bhushan said the guidelines for the management of the cold chain at the last cold chain points and the meeting locations had also been issued to states. “We’re going to be using 29.00 cold chain points, 240 walk-in fridges, 70 walk-in freezers, 45,000 ice-cold fridges, 41,000 freezers, and 300 solar fridges. All of this equipment has already reached the states; In addition, additional equipment will be made available to states, ”he said.
“All 36 states and UTs have completed meetings of the Steering Committee and State Task Force on Covid-19. The 633 district task force chaired by the district judge also completed meetings. The training module for doctors, vaccines, cold chain leaders, supervisors, data managers and ASHA coordinators has also been completed, ”he said.
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