NEW DELHI: Bharat Biotech, Serum Institute and Pfizer’s applications for an emergency permit for their COVID-19 vaccines are currently under review. The center said Tuesday that the drug regulator DCGI, which is demanding more data from these companies, will not affect the vaccine role out timeline.
These applications, filed with the Drugs Controller General of India, will be reviewed by CDSCO’s Committee of Experts on COVID-19 for emergency approval, said NITI Aayog Member (Health) Dr. VK Paul.
“This situation was considered from earlier as it is an emergency authorization. The safety, immunogenicity and effectiveness of the vaccine should be more than adequately satisfied,” he told reporters when asked about DCGI for more information from companies to obtain emergency approval for their vaccines.
“The applications will be studied on a scientific basis, using the scientific framework that is globally oriented and ensures that the vaccine is safe, sufficiently immunogenic and effective to reduce the incidence of COVID-19 disease in humans. This independent The process is on. “
“I want to point out that these processes are not one or three people. These are people who are scientists, epidemiologists, clinicians, scientists, pharmocologists, and biologists. They make the decision based on science,” he said Paul said.
Regarding Post-Immunization Adverse Events (AEFI), Paul said that every time a new drug or vaccine is launched in the country there is a Phase 4 phase of clinical study, also known as post-market surveillance.
Vaccine manufacturers systematically monitor and track the effects of the vaccine at this stage after it has been adopted.
“If a vaccine or two comes after you get emergency clearance, you should have full confidence that the vaccine is scientifically proven, meets global standards, is safe and effective,” he said.
When asked about AEFI for the COVID-19 vaccine, Paul replied, “This is a vaccine for adults. Our AEFI system was aimed at children and women, and these vaccinations take place in specific ways, from hospitals to the.” Churches. But when we look at adults there are certain practical issues that need to be addressed. “
Second, these vaccinations are on several new platforms that add complexity. When an emergency approval is given, more responsibility is required. After all, there are always new aspects, side effects and situations to consider.
Above all, a large number of beneficiaries and target groups should be approached in mission mode in a short period of time, “he said.
“Hence there is a need to build on AEFI’s standard principles and tailor them specifically to the broader dimension of the requirements of this particular vaccine set.”
For vaccine development, said Paul, the DCGI this week approved the conduct of phase 1 and 2 clinical trials in humans with the COVID-19 vaccine, which is being carried out by Pune-based Gennova Biopharmaceuticals Ltd in collaboration with HDT, USA , were developed.
“An important part of this vaccine is unlike Pfizers or other vaccines. If this vaccine exists, it can be maintained in a regular refrigerator under normal cold chain conditions. This is a big deal,” he said.
At this point in time, six vaccines are in clinical trials in India.
These were developed by Bharat Biotech in collaboration with ICMR. Second of Zydus Cadila; third from Gennova; Oxford vaccine, the study of which is being carried out by the Serum Institute of India; Sputnik V vaccine developed by Dr. Reddy’s Lab, Hyderabad, made in collaboration with Russia’s Gamaleya National Center; and the sixth, manufactured by Biological E Ltd, Hyderabad, in collaboration with MIT, USA. Biological E.